Enzymes are the organic protieneous substance. Which catalyzes
chemical reaction in the living organisms. These are bio-catalysts. They increase the rate of chemical reaction. But are not consumed in the process. The term enzyme was used by a scientist, Fried Rich Wilhelm Kuhn 1878.
Types of Enzynes
There are three types of enzymes
These are primarily in charge of energy production in the body. They also help to detox the body on a cellular
level and are even help our sensory system respond appropriately. They are responsible for cellular activity on every level.
Digestive enzymes benefits include assisting the body break down and assimilate food into nutrients. The body uses different types of enzymes to digest fats, proteins and carbohydrates for instance.
Food Enzymes which primarily come from plants. Our body does not make these enzymes, but they contained in the food we are eating so our body can break down the food. Enzymes are destroyed with heat, therefore, that is why it is important to incorporate fresh raw fruit and vegetables into your daily diet; and essential oil.
Factors effecting enzymes activities:-
Concentration of substance:-
The rate of reaction increase with an increase in the concentration of substance until the available enzyme become saturated with substance.
Enzyme is sensitive to heat. They loss their activity at hight temperature .Most of enzyme act best at 37c and destroy at 100c at 0c activity of enzyme reduce but not destroy.
Each enzyme has its own specific PH rang. Change in PH can cause loss of its activity. It can destroyed. The optimum PH of pepsin is 1.4.
It is necessary for enzyme because some enzyme need water. In germinating, water enter the body and help to produce enzyme .The enzyme become active during germination.
Ultraviolet rays, B rays,
Factors that accelerate or inhabit enzyme activity
The organic molecule of enzyme is called co-enzyme .Its presence increase the activity of certain enzyme.