The BIOS will soon be dead: Intel has declared plans to totally supplant it with UEFI on all their chipsets by 2020. In any case, what is UEFI, and how is it not the same as the BIOS we’re all acquainted with?
Both UEFI and BIOS are low-level programming that begins when you boot your PC before booting your working framework, however UEFI is a more current arrangement, supporting bigger hard drives, speedier boot times, greater security highlights, and—helpfully—illustrations and mouse cursors.
We’ve seen more current PCs that ship with UEFI still allude to it as the “Profiles” to abstain from confounding individuals who are utilized to a conventional PC BIOS. Regardless of whether your PC utilizes the expression “Profiles”, present day PCs you purchase today in all likelihood deliver with UEFI firmware rather than a BIOS. Here’s the reason.
What Is a BIOS?
BIOS is brief for Basic Input-Output system. It’s low-level computer code that resides in an exceedingly chip on your computer’s motherboard. The BIOS masses once your laptop starts up, and also the BIOS is to blame for awakening your computer’s hardware parts, ensures they’re functioning properly, then runs the bootloader that boots Windows or no matter different software package you have got put in.
You can piece numerous settings within the BIOS setup screen. Settings like your computer’s hardware configuration, system time, and boot order square measure placed here. you’ll be able to access this screen by pressing a selected key—different on totally different computers, however typically Esc, F2, F10, or Delete—while the pc boots. once you save a setting, it’s saved to the memory on your motherboard itself. once you boot your laptop, the BIOS can piece your laptop with the saved settings.
The BIOS goes through a POST, or Power-On Self take a look at, before booting your software package. It checks to make sure your hardware configuration is valid and dealing properly. If one thing is wrong, you’ll see miscalculation message or hear a cryptic series of beep codes. You’ll ought to hunt what totally different sequences of beeps mean within the computer’s manual.
When your laptop boots—and once the POST finishes—the BIOS appearance for a Master Boot Record, or MBR, keep on the boot device and uses it to launch the bootloader.
You may conjointly see the signifier CMOS, that stands for Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor. This refers to the battery-backed memory wherever the BIOS stores numerous settings on the motherboard. It’s truly not correct any longer, since this methodology has been replaced with nonvolatile storage (also mentioned as EEPROM) in up to date systems.
Why the BIOS Is Outdated:
The BIOS has been around for an extended time, and hasn’t evolved abundant. Even DOS PCs free within the Eighties had a BIOS!
Of course, the BIOS has evolved and improved over time. Some extensions were developed, together with ACPI, the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. this permits the BIOS to additional simply put together devices and perform advanced power management functions, like sleep. however the BIOS hasn’t advanced and improved nearly the maximum amount as alternative laptop technology has since the times of DOS.
The traditional BIOS still has serious limitations. It will solely boot from drives of two.1 TB or less. three TB drives ar currently common, and a laptop with a BIOS can’t boot from them. That limitation is thanks to the method the BIOS’s Master Boot Record system works.
The BIOS should run in 16-bit processor mode, and solely has one MB of house to execute in. it’s hassle initializing multiple hardware devices quickly, that results in a slower boot method once initializing all the hardware interfaces and devices on a contemporary laptop.
The BIOS has required replacement for an extended time. Intel started work on the protrusible microcode Interface (EFI) specification back in 1998. Apple selected EFI once it switched to the Intel design on its Macs in 2006, however alternative laptop makers didn’t follow.
In 2007, Intel, AMD, Microsoft, and laptop makers united on a brand new Unified protrusible microcode Interface (UEFI) specification. This can AN industry-wide commonplace managed by the Unified Extended microcode Interface Forum, and isn’t entirely driven by Intel. UEFI support was introduced to Windows with Windows prospect Service Pack one and Windows seven. The overwhelming majority of computers you’ll purchase nowadays currently use UEFI instead of a conventional BIOS.
How UEFI Replaces and Improves on the BIOS:
UEFI can run in 32-bit or 64-bit mode and has more addressable address space than BIOS, which means your boot process is faster. It also means that UEFI setup screens can be slicker than BIOS settings screens, including graphics and mouse cursor support. However, this isn’t mandatory. Many PCs still ship with text-mode UEFI settings interfaces that look and work like an old BIOS setup screen.
UEFI packed with other features. It supports Secure Boot, which means the operating system can checked for validity to ensure no malware has tampered with the boot process. It can support networking features right in the UEFI firmware itself, which can aid in remote troubleshooting and configuration. With a traditional BIOS, you have to be sitting in front of a physical computer to configure it.
It’s not just a BIOS replacement, either. UEFI is essentially a tiny operating system that runs on top of the PC’s firmware, and it can do a lot more than a BIOS. It may stored in flash memory on the motherboard. It may loaded from a hard drive or network share at boot.
Different PCs with UEFI will have different interfaces and features. It’s all up to your PC manufacturer, but the basics will be the same on each PC.
How to Access UEFI Settings on Modern PCs:
If you’re a standard laptop user, change to a pc with UEFI won’t be an evident modification. Your new pc can boot up and clean up quicker than it might have with a BIOS. You’ll use drives of two.2 TB or additional in size.
If you wish to access low-level settings, there could also be a small distinction. You’ll got to access the UEFI settings screen through the Windows boot choices menu instead of pressing a key whereas your pc starts. With PCs currently booting thus quickly. Laptop makers don’t need to bog down the boot method by waiting to envision if you press a key. However, we’ve conjointly seen PCs with UEFI that permit you to access the BIOS within the same manner. By pressing a key throughout the boot-up method.
While UEFI could be a huge upgrade, it’s for the most part within the background. Most laptop users can ne’er notice—or got to care—that their new PCs use UEFI rather than a conventional BIOS. They’ll simply work higher and support additional fashionable hardware and options.